Cataracts are one of the most common eye conditions in the U.S, affecting millions of people, most of them over age 40. By age 75, half of all Americans have cataracts, according to the National Eye Institute. Fortunately, treatments offered by the ophthalmologists here at Brandon Eye Associates in Brandon, Plant City, and Sun City, FL, can help you improve your vision if a cataract develops.
What are cataracts?
A cataract occurs when the normally clear lens inside your eye becomes cloudy. The disc-shaped structure reflects light rays on the retina, the light-sensitive lining at the back of the eye. When the lens becomes cloudy, it becomes difficult for the lens to focus light rays on the retina properly. As a result, your vision may become affected.
What are the symptoms of cataracts?
Cataracts won't cause any changes in your vision at first, but eventually, you may notice one or more of these symptoms:
- Change in Visual Acuity: Your vision may not be as sharp if you have a cataract. Blurred or hazy vision are common cataract symptoms.
- Dull Colors: Lens clouding dulls colors and makes them look faded.
- Difficulty Reading or Performing Tasks in Low Light: It's much harder to see well when light levels are low if you have a cataract.
- Haloes Around Lights: Glare and haloes around lights can make it difficult to see clearly when you're driving at night or in brightly lit areas.
How do ophthalmologists treat cataracts?
Treatment for cataracts involves removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with a clear, artificial lens known as an intraocular lens implant (IOL). Surgery is usually only performed when cataracts significantly affect your vision. Monofocal IOLs offer one focusing power, provide either near or distance vision. If you want the IOL to offer clear distance vision, you'll need to wear reading glasses for close work.
Multifocal lenses offer multiple focusing zones, allowing you to see objects clearly at any distance. Accommodative lenses also help you see at various distances and work together with your eye muscles, while toric IOLs help correct astigmatism caused by an irregularly shaped cornea.
Need care? Give us a call
Have your cataracts begun to affect your vision? Schedule an appointment with Brandon Eye Associates today by calling (813) 684-2211 for either the office in Plant City or Brandon, FL, and (813) 213-0020 for the Sun City office.