According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in people over 60. However, glaucoma is a treatable condition with help from your ophthalmologist and a variety of methods to reverse its effects are available. Learn exactly what glaucoma is and what a diagnosis can mean for you and your eyes with Brandon Eye Associates with locations in Brandon and Plant City, FL.
What is glaucoma?
Glaucoma damages the eye’s optic nerve and comes from fluid building up in the front area of the eyeball. The fluid creates pressure, which, in turn, begins to damage the optic nerve and cause the symptoms of glaucoma. Though this disease can cause blindness, it is treatable and even curable in its early stages, making early detection crucial to treating glaucoma. There are two types of glaucoma, one which slowly causes a blockage of the drainage around the optic nerve (open-angle glaucoma) and one in which the iris is too close to the drainage area, causing it to become blocked very quickly (angle-closure glaucoma).
Do I have glaucoma?
Open-angle glaucoma occurs slowly over time and often does not produce immediate symptoms. Though there are no outward warning signs in its earliest stages, your eye doctor can identify it during a routine examination. As the disease advances into the more severe stages, blind spots begin developing in the peripheral vision. Angle-closure glaucoma occurs in attack form and comes on swiftly, usually without any warning. The attack can produce symptoms such as severe pain in the eye, redness and decreased vision, blurriness, nausea, vomiting, and seeing rainbows or halos.
Mild versions of these symptoms may be a sign that an attack is imminent, and those experiencing them should see their ophthalmologist right away. Those who have a family history of glaucoma, are over the age of 40, who have vision that needs correction, or who have other conditions like diabetes, migraines, or poor circulation are more at risk for glaucoma.
Treating Glaucoma in Brandon and Plant City
Consulting with your eye doctor is the best way to find a suitable treatment option for your glaucoma. The damage from glaucoma is permanent and cannot be reversed, but the condition can be stopped in its tracks. This makes early detection important as early treatment means avoiding the later, more damaging, stages of the disease. Your doctor may recommend medication, eye drops, or surgery to correct your glaucoma.
For more information on glaucoma or its treatments, please contact Brandon Eye Associates with locations in Brandon and Plant City, FL. Call (813) 684-2211 to schedule your appointment today!
Are you tired of viewing the world through clouded lenses? The eye doctors at Brandon Eye Associates in Brandon, FL, discuss cataracts and explain how cataract treatment can improve your vision.
What are cataracts?
A cataract affects the lens of your eye. The lens, a transparent disc located behind your iris, focuses light on your retina, enabling you to see clearly. As you age, cells in the lens begin to die and clump together, causing the lens to become cloudy. When this happens, your vision can become blurry.
Who gets cataracts?
Aging is an important contributing factor in cataract formation. Cataracts can begin to form as early as your 40s or 50s, although at this point, most are small and don't cause significant problems. As you get older, cataracts gradually worsen and make certain activities difficult, such as reading or driving.
You may be more likely to develop cataracts if you smoke, have diabetes, took a steroid medication for a long time, experienced extensive exposure to the sun, or had an eye injury, inflammation or surgery in the past.
What are the symptoms of cataracts?
In addition to blurred vision, cataract symptoms include:
- Glare or halos around lights, particularly at night
- Faded colors
- Double vision in one eye
- Increased sensitivity to glare and light
- Difficulty reading in low light
- The need to change your eyeglass or contact lens prescription often
How are cataracts treated?
When your cataract is small, you can do a few simple things to manage your symptoms, such as using brighter lights when you read, visiting our Brandon office for a new eyeglass prescription, or buying a pair of sunglasses with anti-glare lenses.
If your cataract is large, and you have difficulty performing your usual activities, surgery may be recommended. During cataract surgery, your lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens called an intraocular lens implant. Surgery is performed on an outpatient basis and only requires a local anesthetic. Most people notice an improvement in their vision just a few hours after surgery, although it may take a week or two to experience sharp vision.
Do your cataracts keep you from doing the things you want to do? Surgery can improve your vision. Call eye doctors at Brandon Eye Associates in Brandon, FL, at (813) 684-2211 to schedule an appointment to discuss your options.
Several retinal eye treatments are available for treating various retinal conditions, such as diabetic retinopathy or retinal detachment. The type and severity of the retinal condition will dictate which treatment method is used to correct the problem. Common retinal eye treatments include laser therapy and eye surgery. The ophthalmologists at Brandon Eye Associates treat a variety of problems of the retina in Brandon and Plant City, FL.
Retinal Detachment Treatment
Retinal detachment is a condition in which retinal tissue in the back of the eye separates from the wall of the eye. Retinal detachment can occur following an injury or trauma to the eye. Additionally, if retinal tissue becomes weak or develops holes, detachment can occur then, as well. When retinal detachment occurs, the result is partial or complete loss of vision in that eye. While retinal detachment and the accompanying loss of vision can sound daunting, there are treatment methods for reattaching the retina.
In Brandon and Plant City, retina reattachment is performed by an ophthalmologist. There are different treatment methods for reattaching the retina. The treatment used will depend on the location where the retina detached from the eyewall. Retinal detachment treatments include:
- Pneumatic Retinopexy — A gas bubble is injected into the eye to hold the retina in place while the eye produces new tissue to reconnect the retina to the eyewall.
- Cryosurgery — Scar tissue is created, which helps the retina reattach to the eyewall.
- Sclera Buckle — A small device for reducing tension on the retina is permanently inserted in the eye.
Diabetic Retinopathy Treatments
Diabetic retinopathy is a condition in which the blood vessels in the retina become damaged due to high blood sugar levels. When the blood vessels become damaged, they often swell, begin leaking, or even close, all of which can lead to loss of vision. Among individuals with diabetes, diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss. There are treatments for this condition. However, treatment only stabilizes the patient’s vision. It cannot reverse the damage and completely store lost vision.
Treatments for diabetic retinopathy include several laser treatments, as well as surgery. Specific treatments for this condition include:
- Grid Laser Treatment — A laser treatment used to seal off areas with extensive leaky blood vessels.
- Focal Laser Treatment — A laser treatment for reducing swelling in the anterior portion of the eye.
- Pan Retinal Photocoagulation — A laser treatment used to stop the retina from leaking by creating several small burns that seal the retina.
- Vitrectomy — A surgical treatment in which a laser is used to remove damaged retinal tissue and blood vessels from the middle portion of the eye. A saline solution is then injected into the area to maintain the round globe shape of the eye.
Several retinal eye treatments exist for the treatment of such conditions as retinal detachment and diabetic retinopathy. For treatment of retina problems in Brandon or Plant City, FL, contact Brandon Eye Associates at (813) 684-2211.
Being visually challenged, whether due to poor eyesight or conditions like glaucoma, can be a frustrating and concerning thing to deal with. However, eye surgery can help you improve your eyesight and, in turn, your daily life, too. Find out more about eye surgery, what it can do for you, and when it becomes necessary with your eye doctors at Brandon Eye Associates in Brandon and Plant City, FL.
What types of eye surgery are available?
Eye surgery can treat several conditions affecting the vision, including glaucoma, cataracts, and retinopathy. Eye surgery may also correct aesthetic issues like crossed eyes, known medically as strabismus surgery. LASIK and PRK surgeries can permanently correct the vision and make the patient see clearly without relying on glasses or contact lenses. Eye surgeries are usually highly successful and have a short recovery time.
Do I need eye surgery?
If you have a condition which affects your eyes or vision, you may benefit from eye surgery. However, not everyone is a good candidate for every eye surgery. Your doctor will help you make the decision to undergo eye surgery based on several factors, including the severity of your condition, your age, your overall general health, and your medical and family history. After taking everything into account, your doctor must also ensure that you are committed to your recovery and willing and/or able to take the necessary precautions or wear the necessary eye protection.
Eye Surgery in Brandon and Plant City
If you think you could benefit from eye surgery, your doctor will want to schedule a consultation with you. This consultation will serve as a great opportunity to ask any questions or address any concerns you may have. Don’t let your vision issues get in the way of a clear future. If you want to see clearly, get in touch with your eye doctors at Brandon Eye Associates with locations in Brandon and Plant City, FL. Call (813) 684-2211 to schedule your appointment in Brandon or (813) 684-2211 to schedule your consultation in Plant City today!
Not sure if a change in your vision could be caused by a cataract? The eye doctors at Brandon Eye Associates in Plant City and Brandon, FL, share early cataract signs and explain how cataracts are treated.
What are cataracts?
A cataract occurs when the clear lens located behind your iris becomes cloudy. The lens focuses lights on the retina at the back of your eye. If it's no longer clear, your vision isn't quite as sharp. Cataracts generally worsen over time and may be larger in one eye.
Aren't I too young for cataracts?
Cataracts affects 24.4 million people 40 and older, according to the National Eye Institute. Although cataracts may begin to form in your 40s and 50s, they won't immediately cause a significant change in your vision in most cases.
What are the early signs of cataracts?
In the early stages, cataracts can cause:
- Blurry Vision: You may notice that your vision looks blurry or cloudy. If your cataract is small, blurred vision may come and go. Some people also experience double vision.
- Fading Colors: Colors may not be quite as bright due to your cataract.
- Sensitivity: Glare and bright light may seem magnified when you have a cataract. You may also notice halos at night.
- Dimness: Does it suddenly seem as if the wattage in all of your lamps decreased? Cataracts can make it more difficult to read or perform other tasks in dim light.
- Night Vision Issues: Cataracts also affect your night vision and may make it harder to see when you drive around Brandon or Plant City at night, particularly if you see halos around lights.
- The Need for New Glasses and Contact Lenses: You may notice that you need to change your glasses and contact lenses prescriptions more often than in years past if you have cataracts.
How are cataracts treated?
The only way to improve your vision is with cataract surgery. The surgery usually isn't recommended unless cataracts significantly interfere with your vision or your ability to carry out your normal activities. During outpatient cataract surgery, the lens of your eye will be removed and replaced with an artificial lens.
If you suspect that you have a cataract, it's a good idea to make an appointment with one of the eye doctors at Brandon Eye Associates. Call our Plant City or Brandon, FL, office at (813) 684-2211 to schedule your visit.
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